Cannabinoids are special compounds found in the cannabis plant. To understand how they form, we can think of the process like a simple roadmap:
The journey begins with two essential building blocks: NPP and GPP.
NPP and GPP combine with another piece called Olivetolic Acid. When GPP connects with Olivetolic Acid, it creates CBGA, the "mother" of many cannabinoids. When NPP connects with Olivetolic Acid, it creates Divarinic Acids, which are precursors to propyl cannabinoids like THCV and CBDV.
CBGA can then change into different forms, like THCA, CBDA, and CBCA. This happens with the help of specific enzymes in the plant.
Now, we have THCA, CBDA, and CBCA. When the plant is heated or exposed to light, these compounds transform into the final cannabinoids: THCA turns into THC Delta 9, CBDA becomes CBD, and CBCA changes into CBC. Similarly, Divarinic Acids turn into propyl cannabinoids like THCV and CBDV when exposed to heat or light.
So, the whole process starts with NPP and GPP and goes through a series of steps, combining with other building blocks and transforming with the help of enzymes and heat, until we get the final cannabinoids we know, like THC Delta 9, CBD. Other cannabinoids, like CBEA, CBL, or CBV, are created through a similar process but with some extra steps or different building blocks.